International Competition Network
The only international organization of its kind, the International Competition Network (ICN) provides a forum in which national and multinational competition authorities may establish and maintain contact with one another via Internet, telephone, teleseminars, and webinars. Members engage in dialogue designed to address practical concerns regarding competition law, and work to build consensus to support sound global policy principles. Members further take part in working groups that produce work product designed to provide recommendations on best practices. Less frequently, members also participate in annual conferences and workshops. Although the ICN does not have a rule-making function, its recommendations are implemented through individual competition authorities in the form of unilateral, bilateral or multilateral arrangements. Through these activities, ICN seeks to accomplish its main goal, “to improve and advocate for sound competition policy and its enforcement across the global antitrust community.” The homepage of the ICN website provides ready access to the essence of their organization through a list of links to their working groups, their events, a calendar of meetings, work products and more. A broad search feature is available for the website as a whole. It functions well, but unfortunately also produces a high volume of Google ads, targeted to the search query, which ultimately overshadow the results being sought. A second, more narrow, search feature is available for searching documents. This feature is far more productive, generating only the substantive materials that contain the query, with no unwanted spam. Document searches may be narrowed by working group, document type, and conference or workshop. Documents are available in PDF and include reports, handbooks, toolkits, recommended practices, presentations and more. According to the website, 96% of competition agencies surveyed make use of ICN work products and materials, 94% distribute them inside the agency for reference, training and outreach purposes, and 66% of all agencies are pro-actively working to apply ICN Recommended Practices. It should be noted that ICN documents are not restricted to members, but are free for download by the Internet community. Currently, the organization is composed of 104 competition agencies who hail from every continent. Those interested in joining must submit an endorsement of the Memorandum on the Establishment and Operation of the International Competition Network. More information is available under the “Members” tab.
[Author: A. Emerson]
Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900) is a collection of key primary documents from five countries—the United States, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy—that trace the development of copyright from the invention of the printing press through the dawn of the 20th century. The documents were selected for inclusion by a scholar from each represented country with the assistance of an editorial board. The collection is a powerful research tool, organizing primary documents into a timeline conducive to browsing. Visitors to the site have many options for browsing the documents: by place, language, institution, legislation, case law, and keyword. The website also provides a simple keyword search. Each document is accompanied by extensive descriptive metadata providing context. One of the greatest strengths of this collection is the commentary written by the documents’ selectors that accompanies many of the documents. Translations are available for documents in languages other than English. The image viewer offers three levels of zooming and the ability to download a PDF version. Unfortunately only one page can be downloaded at a time. Images of the original documents may be viewed alongside transcriptions or translations of the text. This website offers a stellar collection of materials for students and scholars of copyright.
[Author: I. Haight]
Law Library of Congress Guide to Law Online is an excellent resource for finding links to legal resources and research guides for the nations of the world. The Research Help: Japan page is no exception. The webpage is divided into six segments: Constitution, Executive, Judicial, Legislative, Legal Guides, and General Sources. If there is a link to a resource within these topics, the Law Library of Congress will have it. The Japan site links to the official government sites and provides links to laws and cases, whether the material is in English or the vernacular. The link to the Constitution brings up unofficial versions of the constitution in English. The Executive link is to the Prime Ministers’ webpage in Japanese and English; the Legislative link is the Parliament site, in Japanese and English, which has the Consolidated Code in Japanese. The Legislative link also links to NATLEX, a site maintained by the International Labour Organization that provides links to national laws on labor, social security, and related human rights in English. The Judicial link is to the Supreme Court of Japan (annotated in InSITE vol. 14, no. 16.) Of greater help to the researcher is the extensive list of Legal Guides and General Sources. The Legal Guides include guides from academic law libraries but also materials from law firms in the US and Japan, the Law Library of Congress, GlobaLex (a legal publication dedicated to international and foreign law research), and the Asian and World Legal Information Institutes among others. The guides explain the legal system and provide links to official and unofficial primary sources in English. The General Sources on Japan itself includes research standards such as the U.S. Dept. of State Background Notes, the World Factbook, Portals to the World and Country Study from the Library of Congress, and the US Embassy. A researcher needs to look no further than Research Help: Japan to find comprehensive coverage of resources available online.
[Author: J. Callihan]
InSITE contributors: J. Callihan, A. Emerson, I. Haight, J. Pajerek (editor)
© 2010 Cornell Law Library
The contents of this publication and any recommendations therein are the opinions of the authors and do not reflect the views of Cornell University.